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22/04/2021 12:34pm

Ushakov Medal

Conflict
 
World War II.
 
Further relevant historical context can be found at the foot of this entry.
 
History
 
The Medal of Ushakov was a Soviet military award instituted in March 1944 by decision of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. It was named in honour of Russian admiral Fyodor Ushakov who never lost a battle and was proclaimed patron saint of the Russian Navy.
 
The Medal of Ushakov was awarded to sailors and soldiers, petty officers and sergeants, ensigns and warrant officers of the Soviet Navy, Naval Infantry and naval units of KGB Border Troops for courage and bravery displayed both in wartime and in peacetime during the defence of the Soviet Union in naval theatres, while protecting the maritime borders of the USSR.
 
An estimated 14,000 to 16,000 medals of Ushakov were awarded from its creation in 1944 to the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union. However, in March 1994 the Soviet Medal of Ushakov was reinstated in the same basic design by the Russian Federation after the dissolution of the USSR.

 

Today, the Medal of Ushakov is awarded to soldiers and sailors of the Navy and of the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation for bravery and courage displayed while defending the Motherland and the public interests of the Russian Federation in naval theatres of military operations, while protecting the state borders of the Russian Federation, in carrying out naval combat missions with vessels of the Navy and/or Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation.

 
This includes action undertaken in exercises and manoeuvres in the performance of military duties under conditions involving a risk to life, as well as for excellent performance in naval combat training.
 
In June 2013, a few days before the visit of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to London, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II granted Her permission for the British veterans of the Arctic Convoys to be awarded Russia’s Ushakov Medal.
 
In this regard, the Embassy of the Russian Federation together with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Ministry of Defence of Great Britain worked together on compiling a comprehensive list of British veterans who are entitled to the Ushakov Medal.
 
Upon its completion the list was forwarded to Moscow and a special decree was signed by the President of the Russian Federation, to confer this honour.
 
The names of more than 3,000 veterans were submitted into the list.
 
Description
 
The medal is circular, 36mm in diameter and was struck in silver with a raised rim.
 
The obverse bears the bust of Admiral Ushakov facing forward, surrounded by a slightly raised band with the inscription; 'ADMIRAL * USHAKOV' (Russian: АДМИРАЛ УШАКОВ), the two words being separated at the top by a star and at the bottom by two laurel branches.
 
The circular medal covers a naval anchor with the stock and flukes protruding at the bottom and the arms and shackle protruding at the top.
 
The reverse is plain with the exception of a cast of an entire anchor with the letter: 'N' to its left.
 
The award serial number can be found next to this (the serial number used to be on the right side of the anchor during the Soviet Era).
 
Below the award serial number is the maker's mark.
 
Ribbon
 
 
The Medal is suspended from a standard Russian pentagonal mount by a small silver metallic chain hanging from both upper corners of the mount going through the anchor shackle and bottom of the pentagonal mount.
 
The mount is covered by an overlapping 24mm wide silk moiré blue ribbon with narrow blue and white stripes along either edge.
 
Bars/Clasps
 
None were authorised for this medal.
 
Further relevant historical context can be found at the foot of this entry.
 
Dealer Retail Value *
 
Ushakov Medal
£900.00
Modern Issue
£100.00
Modern Reproduction
£30.00
 
* It should be noted that the values quoted above reflect the average price that a medal dealer may expect to sell this medal for - please see the ‘things you should know’ web page for more details about valuing medals.
 
Further Historical Context
 
This section contains information on:-
 
- Fyodor Ushakov.
 
Fyodor Ushakov - Fyodor Ushakov was born in the village of Burnakovo in the Yaroslavl gubernia, to a modest family of the minor nobility. On February 15, 1761, he signed up for the Russian Navy in Saint Petersburg.
 
After training, he served on a galley in the Baltic Fleet. In 1768 he was transferred to the Don Flotilla (Azov Sea Navy) in Taganrog and served in the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774. He commanded Catherine II's own yacht, and later defended Russian trade ships in the Mediterranean from British pirate attacks.
 
After the Russian Empire annexed Crimea (1783), Ushakov personally supervised the construction of a naval base in Sevastopol and the building of docks in Kherson. During the Second Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792) he brilliantly defeated the Turks at Fidonisi (1788), Kerch Strait (1790), Tendra (1790), and Cape Kaliakra (1791).
 
In these battles, he demonstrated the excellence of his innovative doctrines in the art of naval fighting.
 
In 1798 Ushakov was promoted to full admiral and sent to the Mediterranean to support Suvorov's Italian campaign in command of a joint Russian-Turkish fleet. This expedition started with the conquest of the French departments in the Ionian islands, only acquired the year before from the demised Republic of Venice in the Treaty of Campo Formio, culminating in the siege of Corfu (1798-1799) and leading to the subsequent creation of the Republic of Seven Islands. Ushakov's squadron then blocked the French bases in Italy, notably Genoa and Ancona, and successfully assaulted Naples and Rome.
 
Emperor Paul of Russia, in his capacity as the Grand Master of the Order of St John, ordered Ushakov to proceed to Malta, which the British had besieged to no effect. Admiral Nelson could not bear the idea that he would have to follow Ushakov's orders (the Russian commander being his senior in naval rank) and suggested dispatching the Russian squadron to Egypt instead.
 
Growing conflict between the commanders was prevented by Ushakov being recalled to Russia in 1800, where the new Emperor, Alexander I, failed to appreciate his victories. Ushakov resigned command in 1807 and withdrew into the Sanaksar Abbey in modern-day Mordovia. He was asked to command the local militia during the Patriotic War of 1812 but declined.
 
In the course of 43 naval battles under his command he did not lose a single ship and never lost a battle.
 
This information was taken from ‘Wikipedia’. The original article and details of the authors can be found here. It is reproduced on this web-site under the ‘creative commons’ licence which can be found here.