WW1 Medal Groups
WW1 Trio, Mentioned In Despatches, RAMC, (Gallipoli Veteran) - Named To Aston
WW1 Trio Medal Group (mentioned in despatches) awarded to 36441 Sergeant Arthur A. Ashton who served with the Royal Army Medical Corp.
The details of his awards are as follows:
1914-15 Star named to 36441 SJT. A. A. ASTON., R.A.M.C.
British War Medal and Victory medal (with MID emblem) named to 36441 SJT. A. A. ASTON., R.A.M.C.
Defence Medal unnamed as issued.
NOTE: the spelling of Serjeant is correct for the time.
The medals are court mounted and this group comes with a RAMC contemporary brass cap and shoulder badges.
Included with this listing is a printed copy of the Medal Index Card which can also be viewed by clicking on here (if you have access to Ancestry). I have been unable to identify any service records relating to this man but given that his ‘Mention In Despatches’ is dated June 1919 (for actions in Egypt), consequently I’ve assumed he stayed in the service and because he was also issued with a defence medal, I also assume he undertook some civil defence service during WW2. His London Gazette entry can be viewed by clicking on here.
During this period the 165th Combined Field Ambulance which was based at Kantara in Egypt - the unit history can be viewed by clicking on here.
Ashton served in the Balkans from the 11th July 1915. The 2b noted on his Medal Index Card means he saw service in ‘Gallipoli and Aegean Islands’.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between the 25th April 1915 and the 9th January 1916. Full details of the campaign can be viewed by clicking on here.
According to the details found on Aston’s London Gazette entry, he served with the 165th Combined Field Ambulance assigned to the 10th Irish Division. The Division was formed in Ireland on the 21st August 1914, and was sent to Gallipoli where, as a part of General Sir Frederick Stopford's IX Corps, at Suvla Bay on the 7th August it participated in the Landing at Suvla Bay and the August offensive. Some battalions of the division were landed at Anzac and fought at Chunuk Bair.
In September 1915, when the Suvla front became a stalemate, the division was moved to Salonika where it remained for two years and fought the Battle of Kosturino - details of which can be viewed by clicking on here.. The division moved to Egypt in September 1917 where it joined General Chetwode's XX Corps. It fought in the Third Battle of Gaza which succeeded in breaking the resistance of the Turkish defenders in southern Palestine - details of which can be viewed by clicking on here.
Heavy losses on the Western Front following Operation Michael, the great German Spring Offensive in 1918, resulted in the transfer of ten of the division's battalions from Palestine to France, their place being taken by Indian Army units. This left only one British battalion per brigade.
The remainder of the division remained in Palestine until the end of the war with Turkey on 31st October 1918. On the 12th November 1918 the Division concentrated at Sarafand, ready for moving back to Egypt. By 1 December it had returned to Cairo.
The RAMC operated the army's medical units and provided medical detachments for the units of infantry, artillery and other arms. The Corps was assisted in its work by voluntary help from the British Red Cross, St John's Ambulance, the Friends Ambulance Unit, the Voluntary Aid Detachments and hundreds of private and charitable ventures. The history of the Royal Army Medical Corp can be viewed by clicking on here.
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